The subsequent events of their history are noted in 2 Chronicles 20:25 ; 26:8 ; Jeremiah 49:1 ; Ezekiel 25:3 Ezekiel 25:6 . The capital of the Iron Age kingdom of Ammon was Rabbah, which is located at modern-day Amman, Jordan. May 25 Blog. Real Questions. 23:4). Your Question (required) Would you like this question answered on our show? Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible. Home » Bible » Who were the Ammonites according to the Bible? Semitic people living northeast of the Dead Sea in the area surrounding Rabbah who often battled with the Israelites for possession of the fertile Gilead. These people became nomads and lived in the eastern part of the region lying between the Jabbok and the Arnon. (Judges 5:2) God commanded ancient Israel not to bother or attempt to take any land that was inhabited by the Ammonites (Deuteronomy 2:19). One of Solomon's wives was Naamah, an Ammonite. Eastern Promised Land. By: Megan Sauter. Solomon disobeyed and married Naamah the Ammonite (1 Kings 14:21), and, as God had warned, he was drawn into idolatry (1 Kings 11:1-8). Real Answers. The continual warring of the Ammonites on Israel was the incentive for uniting the tribes of Israel under Saul who defeated their king (1 Samuel 11). Proud member The Ammonite capital was Rabbah (Rabbath in the KJV), which today is the capital of Jordan named Amman (Deuteronomy 3:11, Joshua 13:25, 2Samuel 12:26). Ammonite, any member of an ancient Semitic people whose principal city was Rabbath Ammon, in Palestine.The “sons of Ammon” were in perennial, though sporadic, conflict with the Israelites.After a long period of seminomadic existence, the Ammonites established a kingdom north of Moab in the 13th century bc.With difficulty, their fortress capital was captured by Israel’s King David. 2:16-20) of their history till they are lost sight of (Judg. In the Bible, though, the Ammonites are a group of people stemming from the family of Abraham and during Old Testament times caused the Israelites many problems. The end of the Ammonite people is not entirely clear. They are known as the Beni-ammi ( Genesis 19:38 ), Ammi or Ammon being worshipped as their chief god. 10th century BC • Battle of Qarqar against the Assyrians The national idol worshipped by this people was Molech or Milcom, at whose altar they offered human sacrifices ( 1 Kings 11:5 1 Kings 11:7 ). The last mention of the Ammonites was in Justin Martyr’s Dialogue with Trypho in the second century where he stated that they were still a numerous people. She was the mother of Rehoboam ( 1 Kings 14:31 ; 2 Chr 12:13 ). Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep … The usual name of the descendants of Ammon, the son of Lot (Gen. 19:38). English, Arabic (العربية), French (Français), Hindi (हिन्दी), When the books of the Bible were originally written, there were no chapters or verses. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. relatives. God commanded the Israelites not to marry these pagans, because intermarriage would lead the Israelites to worship false gods. The younger also bore a son and called his name Ben-ammi. See also: Tobiah the ammonite. A Semitic people who occupied a fertile area northeast of Moab in Transjordan between the Arnon and Jabbok rivers and extending eastward to the Syrian desert. The Ammonites were probably more of a predatory tribe, moving from place to place, while the Moabites were more settled. 2:8). The Ammonites were a pagan people who worshiped the gods Milcom and Molech. 853 BC • Invasion by Alexander the Great Although cousins of the Israelites, the Ammonites were ever their enemies. There were many instances when this group showed hostility toward Israel (1 Sam. Instead, they committed four hostile acts against Israel. God commanded the Israelites not to deal with them so they would not be corrupted by the their evil (Deut. Salem Media Group. AMMON, AMMONITES ăm’ ən,— ə nīts (עַמֹּֽון, LXX Αμμων, υἱοί Αμμονιτῶν). Unto the men of the east with the Ammonites, and will give them in possession, that the Ammonites may not be remembered among the nations. From the very beginning (Deut. 10:1–5; 2 Chron. They inhabited the country east of the Jordan and north of Moab and the Dead Sea, from which they had expelled the Zamzummims or Zuzims ( Deuteronomy 2:20 ; Genesis 14:5 ). Scripture states that the Ammonites would rip open pregnant women in lands they had conquered (Amos 1:13). The name of their stronghold, Rabbath Ammon, is preserved in the name Amman, present capital of … Ammon • Kingdom of Ammon flourishes Ammonites I-10 on the Map. 23:3, 4). The last mention of Ammonites outside of the Bible was by Justin Martyr. 10:11; 2 Chr. It says that these tribes did not show gratitude to the Israelites, whose ancestor, Abraham, had saved Lot, the father of Ammon and Moab. Who was the Canaanite god Molech? Introduction: The Ammonites were descendants of Lot through his daughter: "Thus both the daughters of Lot were with child by their father. Burnett describes the boundaries of Ammon: “The Ammonite heartland comprised the north-central … They were of Semitic origin, and closely related to the Hebrews in blood and language. During the reign of King David, the Ammonites hired the Aramean armies to attack Israel but the war ended with all their cities being destroyed, and the inhabitants forced to labor for the Israelites (2 Samuel 10). A man named Tobiah the Ammonite is mentioned in Nehemiah 2:19 at the end of the Old Testament period (400s BC). During the Iron Age, when Israel and Judah ruled Canaan, the kingdoms of Ammon, Moab and Edom ruled east of the Jordan River. Archaeology reveals that the Ammonites dwelt east of the Jordan River and settled there at the beginning of the 13th century B.C. Their territory was accounted a land of giants. This book investigates the archaeological, epigraphic, and biblical evidence for the course of Ammon's history, setting it squarely within the context of ancient Near Eastern imperialism. *They were a distinct group of people living northeast of the Dead Sea *In Biblical times the government of the Ammonites was known as the Kingdom of the Ammonites. Ammonites. The jet … Ammonites are linked with Moabites throughout the aggadah and halakhah. The Ammonites . Moabites and Ammonites “The firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab. Both of these tribes hired Balaam to curse Israel ( Deuteronomy 23:4 ). Ammonites may be found in the bottom of Whale Chine fallen out of the rock. Who divided the Bible into chapters and verses. Learn more about Ammonite from the Easton’s Bible Dictionary. He wrote in the second century AD that the Ammonites were numerous. Before the Israelite Exodus from Egypt, King Sihon of Amorites warred against the Moabites and occupied Moab and Ammon. Just like the Moabites, Ammonites were usually in conflict with the Israelites. The Ammonites were a race very closely allied to the Hebrews. They were again signally defeated by Saul ( 1 Samuel 11:11 ). Ammon, Ammonites. Ammon, Ammonites. The Ammonites were a race very closely allied to the Hebrews. Together with their neighbors—the Moabites, the Edomites and the Amorites (who also lived west of the Jordan)—the Ammonites loomed large in … Envy, jealousy, and fear drove them to unite with the Moabites and to hire Balaam to curse Israel (Deut. Their primary deity was the god Milcom and Molech (1 kings 11: 5). Drawing on cross-cultural parallels from the archaeology of empires, Tyson elucidates the dynamic processes by which the local Ammonite elite made the cousins of biblical Israel visible to history. They sought to destroy lsrael by hiring Balaam. Shortly before the Exodus, the warlike Amorites crossed the Jordan under Sihon their king and drove the Moabites out of the region between the Arnon River Valley and the Jabbok River, and occupied it, making Heshbon their capital. Ammon is the ancestor of the Ammonites. The prophets predicted fearful judgments against the Ammonites because of their hostility to Israel ( Zephaniah 2:8 ; Jeremiah 49:1-6 ; Ezekiel 25:1-5 Ezekiel 25:10 ; Amos 1:13-15 ). History of the Jews, Vol. 20; Neh. (see upcoming show time) YesNo. am'-on, am'-on-its (`ammon; `ammonim): The Hebrew tradition makes this tribe descendants of Lot and hence related to the Israelites (Genesis 19:38).This is reflected in the name usually employed in Old Testament to designate them, Ben `Ammi, Bene `Ammon, "son of my people," "children of my people," i.e. In the Bible, they are described as being descendants of Ben-ammi, who was the son of Lot (Abraham’s nephew) and Lot’s younger daughter (Genesis 19:38). I (of 6) | Heinrich Graetz. One use of their name itself in the Bible indicates the ancient Hebrew belief of this near relationship, for they are called Bén`ámmî or "Son of my people", meaning that that race is regarded as descended from Israel's nearest relative. ammonites in the bible Latest. Who Were the Ammonites, Moabites and Edomites in the Bible? Molech was an ancient god worshiped by the people neighboring Israel during Old Testament times. 2:10, 19; 4:1–3). After the split of Israel and Judah, the Ammonites regained some rule in the seventh century B.C., until Nebuchadnezzar conquered them about a century later. Under the Persian rule, Tobiah the Ammonite (Nehemiah 2:19) became the governor of that area. These people became nomads and lived in the eastern part of the region lying between the Jabbok and the Arnon. The Bible relates an incident when the Ammonites refused to let the Israelites pass through their land. During the Exodus, the Ammonites forbade the Israelites from passing through their lands and allied with king Eglon of Moab in attacking Israel. Who were the Ammonites? Ammonite. The first Jewish king, King Saul, defeated the Ammonites and made them his servants. The name of their stronghold, Rabbath Ammon, is preserved in the name Amman, present capital of the Kingdom of Jordan. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. of From their rise to their fall, the Ammonites were strongly bonded with the Moabites tribe. All rights reserved. While much about Molech's nature and origin are uncertain, the Bible mentions Molech on eight occasions, providing some context … So who were they? Ammonites. 1. AMMON; AMMONITES. The hatred in which the Ammonites were held by Israel is stated to have arisen partly from their denial of assistance, (23:4) to the Israelites on their approach to Canaan. Ammon became the ancestor of the Ammonites. 11:1–3; 2 Sam. Get our latest answers straight to your inbox when you subscribe here. These people were wicked, cruel (Amos 1:13; 1 Samuel 11:2), and idolatrous. 5:2), this tribe is closely associated with the Moabites (Judg. In their religious ceremonies they offered human sacrifices. The chief city was Rabbah (Rabbathammon), modern Amman, capital of Jordan. Jephthah waged war against them, and "took twenty cities with a very great slaughter" ( Judges 11:33 ). Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Ammonite, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. From the very beginning ( Deuteronomy 2:16-20 ) of their history till they are lost sight of ( Judges 5:2 ), this tribe is closely associated with the Moabites ( Judges 10:11 ; 2 Chr 20:1 ; Zephaniah 2:8 ). 23:3). The Ammonites: The Ammonites (sons of Ammon) according to the Bible originated because of an incestuous relationship between Lot (Abraham's nephew) and his younger daughter (Gen 19:38). They afterwards became hostile to Israel ( Judges 3:13 ). Who were the Ammonites according to the Bible? We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Each book was recorded without any divisions from the beginning to the end. However, biblically, “Ammonite” was the usual name of the descendants of Ammon, the son of Lot (Genesis 19:38). He was the son of Lot (Genesis 19:37) and the nephew of Abraham (Genesis 11:31). There are a number of Canaanite gods with names based on this root, which became summarily associated with Moloch, including biblical Malkam ( מַלְכָּם ) " Great King " ( KJV Milcom ), which appears to refer to a god of the Ammonites, as well as Tyrian Melqart and others. The high places built for this idol by Solomon, at the instigation of his Ammonitish wives, were not destroyed till the time of Josiah ( 2 Kings 23:13 ). Although cousins of the Israelites, the Ammonites were ever their enemies. The firstborn bore a son, and called his name Moab; he is the father of the Moabites to this day. The Ammonites emerged east of the Jordan at about the same time as the Israelites appeared as a people west of the Jordan. See Deuteronomy 2:20; Deuteronomy 23:3; 1 Samuel 11:1; 2 Samuel 23:37; 1 Kings 11:1; 1 Chronicles 11:39; 2 Chronicles 12:13; 2 Chronicles 20:1; 2 The chapter…, Micah was one of the minor prophets of the Old Testament. the usual name of the descendants of Ammon, the son of Lot ( Genesis 19:38).From the very beginning ( Deuteronomy 2:16-20) of their history till they are lost sight of ( Judges 5:2), this tribe is closely associated with the Moabites ( Judges 10:11; 2 Chr 20:1; Zephaniah 2:8).Both of these tribes hired Balaam to curse Israel ( Deuteronomy 23:4). He is on the Biblical Timeline around 1900 BC. ammonites in the bible. But whatever its origin the animosity continued in force to the latest date. But in the Roman era, they finally got integrated with the Arabs. The name Micah means, “Who is like Yahweh?” The prophet was called a “Morasthite,” a term applied to one…. The aggadahexplains the especially severe decree against Ammonites and Moabites: "They shall not enter the congregation of the Lord" (Deut. Bible Based. Tobiah, the leader of the Ammonites, was doubly allied to Judan families. the usual name of the descendants of Ammon, the son of Lot ( Genesis 19:38 ). He is the father of the Moabites to this day. Origin and race. They showed no kindness to the Israelites when passing through their territory, and therefore they were prohibited from "entering the congregation of the Lord to the tenth generation" ( Deuteronomy 23:3 ). 332 BC • Rabbath Ammon renamed to Philadelphia 20:1; Zeph. P aleontologists know the “ammonite” as an extinct group of shelled sea creatures. 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