Under terms of the agreement, the army marched peacefully through the city and then established a garrison to the west and south of the city called Camp Floyd. Gen. John F. Reynolds, a Camp Floyd veteran, was killed bringing desperately needed reinforcements to Buford. The removal, or forced emigration, of Cherokee Indians occurred in 1838, when the U.S. military and various state militias forced some 15,000 Cherokees from their homes in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee and moved them west to Indian Territory (now present-day Oklahoma). At one Camp Floyd produced many of the heroes of Gettysburg. As the war began in early 1861, the War Department pulled the Federal troops out of the Utah Territory and reassigned them to other regions where they were more immediately needed to quell the brewing rebellion. Gen. There were 600 Cherokees camped at Rattlesnake Springs in July 1838, waiting to leave for the west. Johnston’s Army, however, marched professionally through an eerily empty Salt Lake City and built Camp Floyd 40 miles to the southwest, in present-day Cedar Valley. 1. It did not end the tensions between the U.S. government and the Mormons in Utah. On October 29, the Confederates scattered Federal outposts on the Fayetteville Road and pushed them down to the mouth of Great Falls Creek and, on November 1, began fortifying Cotton Hill.41 The same day, Floyd opened with cannon on the camp at Gauley, which for the next ten days was the scene of almost constant skirmishing. The camp brought much-needed cash to Utah people. Camp Floyd, a U.S. Army post built in 1858, provides an opportune site to evaluate how rank was exhibited in the physical remains of a military camp. Despite Lincoln’s soothing platitudes on Kentucky’s neutrality, on May 28 th, the Federal government set up the Military Department of Kentucky, encompassing the area within 100 miles of the Ohio River. The Federal government’s position soon became obvious. Between the two, one third of the army disappears every year. Finally, on June 26, 1858, Johnston’s army marched through Salt Lake City and set up Camp Floyd 35 miles from the city. There were more than 4,800 Cherokees waiting at camps in this general area before relocation. The U.S. government abandons the Utah Territory. Camp Floyd: Camp Floyd, Utah County, Utah, temporarily established July 8, 1858 in the northwest corner of Cedar Valley (Upper Camp) and later moved ten miles south to the site near Fairfield which was occupied beginning September 8, 1858, then abandoned in July, 1861. This ended an extraordinary affair in American military history. I heard more of army grievances during my second stay at Camp Floyd. 2. Gen. John Buford (a quartermaster for Johnston's Army in Utah) managed in early fighting to hold high ground there that was key to victory. The army not only paid local residents to help build the camp but held auctions of goods at low prices. The soldiers were unwelcome in Utah, but Camp Floyd did help Utah in some ways. Utah’s citizens returned to their homes, and life resumed mostly as it had before, although tension … The residential buildings at the camp were spatially segregated and organized following the different levels of rank of the military. That same month, Johnston and his troops marched through the deserted streets of Salt Lake City—then kept marching 40 miles south to establish Camp Floyd, in present-day Fairfield, Utah. The company which should number 84 has often only 50 men. The army occupied “Upper Camp Floyd” for two months. The term of a soldier's enlistment, five years, is too short, especially for the cavalry branch, and the facilities for desertion are enormous. Church leaders eventually accepted the offer. Why do you think the U.S. Army might have located a camp here? 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