late 1st to early 2d cent. Senators could be a serious threat, especially when they commanded an army, but there was no need to kill a mere architect. A century and a half later the emperor Aurelian withdrew from Dacia and demolished the bridge, … "For now," he said, "if the goddesses wish to get up and go out, they will be unable to do so." As an imperial architect, he designed many monuments and buildings. FORM - Apollodorus of Damascus was the engineer- Almost the size of all the other imperial forms put togethero Very extravagant. Miskin 12:42, 10 April 2006 (UTC) Is not a Greek. by Tyler Kennedy. Apollodorus was responsible for nearly all buildings designed under the emperor Trajan, for whom he was official architect. Apollodorus of Damascus was a Roman architect born in Damascus (Syria). A.D., b. The reconstruction of this project started soon after Hadrian became emperor and it was probably found : His Apollodorus Mechanicus, Siege-matters = Poliorkētika, 2010, ©2010. Supposedly born in Damascus, Apollodorus acted as the chief architect for the Roman emperor Trajan. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Apollodorus of Damascus, Trajan's architect, once mocked Hadrian for liking this dome type. He was banished by the emperor Hadrian —perhaps following a disagreement about a temple design—and executed about 130. We do not know exactly when Apollodorus of Damascus lived, but many observers think he lived from AD 60 to AD 130. mortar, bricks, and cement. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Trajan's Forum, Rome, designed by Apollodorus of Damascus, early 2nd century. He was a favourite of Trajan, for whom he constructed the stone bridge over the Danube (A.D. 104–105).He also planned a gymnasium, a college, public baths, the Odeum and the Forum Trajanum, within the city of Rome; and the triumphal arches at Beneventum and Ancona. Media in category "Apollodorus of Damascus" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/4491308.Apollodorus_of_Damascus Its construction was ordered by the Emperor Trajan as a supply route for the Roman legions fighting in Dacia. (It chanced that Hadrian at the time was pluming himself upon some such drawing.). Trajan's Market mall arcade - Apollodorus of Damascus, c110 CE - … When he wrote this so bluntly to Hadrian, the emperor was both vexed and exceedingly grieved because he had fallen into a mistake that could not be righted, and he restrained neither his anger nor his grief, but slew the man. Apollodorus of Damascus: Date. However, the Romans derived no profit from it subsequently, because later on the bridge was completely destroyed by the floods of the Danube and by the passage of time.note[Procopius, Buildings, 4.6.11-14; tr. found: Acad. Encyc. The bridge was built within a record of 2 years that is the period . This monument is mentioned by Procopius: The Roman Emperor Trajan, being of an impetuous and active temperament, seemed to be filled with resentment that his realm was not unlimited, but was bounded by the Danube. A prolific engineer and architect who worked primarily for the Roman emperor Trajan, Apollodorus of Damascus is credited with having designed most of the imperial buildings constructed during his reign, including baths, a forum, a bridge over the Danube, and the famous Trajan’s Column (completed 113). plus shipping. Apollodorus of Damascus: Born in 50 in Damascus, Syria, Asia: Deceased in 130 92 - 130 Master builder of Emperor Trajan (praefectus fabrum) 102 - 105 Danube Bridge in Dobretae (Turnu Severin, Romania), Odeon and stadium in Rome. Damascus-born, he became architect to Emperor Trajan (98–117), and is credited with most of the Imperial buildings of the latter's reign, including the thermae and forum of Trajan, the enormous Ulpian basilica, Trajan's column, and the nearby market complex. Secondly, in regard to the statues, he said that they had been made too tall for the height of the cella. 1986, (Apollodorus of Damascus, was chief architect of the Roman Emperor Trajan; executed ca. Apollodorus of Damascus, (flourished 2nd century ad), Damascus-born Greek engineer and architect who worked primarily for the Roman emperor Trajan (reigned 98–117). Apollodorus of Damascus and Trajan's Column (Book) Book Details. Trajan's Column, Rome, memorial with marble reliefs, designed by Apollodorus of Damascus. He was banished by the emperor Hadrian—perhaps following a disagreement about a temple design—and executed about 130. 107 - 113 Baths and Forum of Trajan The bridge's engineer, Apollodorus of Damascus, used wooden arches, each spanning 38 m (125 ft), set on twenty masonry pillars made of bricks, mortar, and pozzolana cement. found: Acad. The bridge was situated east of the Iron Gates, near the present-day cities of Drobeta-Turnu Severin in Romania and Kladovo in Serbia. Hadrian later had Apollodorus executed. When he became emperor, therefore, he remembered this slight and would not endure the man's freedom of speech. Apollodorus of Damascus Apollodorus of Damascus, Roman architect and engineer, fl. AD, b. Syria. Omissions? Apollodorus was born in the Decapolis city of Damascus, part of the Nabatean controlled province of Syria, sometime in the mid 1 st Century (he would live to see his homeland fully reclaimed by the Romans in 106 CE). Apollodorus of Damascus (fl. The bridge was engineered by a Greek, Apollodorus of Damascus (fifth image), whose dates are unknown, so he is piggybacked here with Trajan. A prolific engineer and architect who worked primarily for the Roman emperor Trajan, Apollodorus of Damascus is credited with having designed most of the imperial buildings constructed during his reign, including baths, a forum, a bridge over the Danube, and the famous Trajan’s Column (completed 113). Cary.]. Apollodorus of Damascus (active first quarter second century CE): Roman architect, courtier of the emperor Trajan. He was an architect, who worked for the Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117) and his successor Hadrian (117-138). See below for table of which Wikidata properties are used by Module:Creator to construct the infobox. It was built unusually quickly (between 103 and 105), employing the construction of a wooden caisson for each pier. $29.88. 107 - 113 Baths and Forum of Trajan Apollodorus of Damascus was a Nabatean architect and engineer from Damascus, Roman Syria, who flourished during the 2nd century AD. He sent him the plan of the temple of Venus and Roma by way of showing him that a great work could be accomplished without his aid, and asked Apollodorus whether the proposed structure was satisfactory. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Title. Apollodorus of Damascus (active first quarter second century CE): Roman architect, courtier of the emperor Trajan. If the template above has logo than it is connected to wikidata and all the information displayed in the template which is not specified on Commons is specified on Wikidata.In order to modify it please click logo in the template above and modify it there. As an engineer he authored several technical treatises, and his massive architectural output gained him immense popularity during his time. 130 AD) found : His L'arte dell'assedio di Apollodoro di Damasco, c1999. The first source is Cassius Dio: [The emperor Hadrian] first banished and later put to death Apollodorus, the architect, who had built the various creations of Trajan in Rome: the forum, the odeum and the gymnasium. Apollodorus of Damascus and Trajan's Column. Author. BLYTH, P. H., Apollodorus of Damascus and the "Poliorcetica" , Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, 33:2 (1992:Summer) p.127 Apollodorus of Damascus and the Poliorcetica P. H. Blyth X OLLODORUS OF DAMASCUS is a notable figure in the annals of Roman architecture.1 As the chief engineer in Trajan's Dacian Wars, he was responsible for the great bridge The bridge was engineered by a Greek, Apollodorus of Damascus (fifth image), whose dates are unknown, so he is piggybacked here with Trajan. ISBN. Articles on ancient history Apollodorus of Damascus. Perhaps the most famous of them is Trajan's Column in Rome. Abdulkarim, Maamoun. Apollodorus is credited with the design of most of the imperial buildings erected under Trajan, including the baths, forum, column, and public market that bear Trajan’s name, as well as the Ulpian basilica in Rome (also named for the emperor) and the impressive bridge over the Danube (Trajan’s Bridge) at what is now Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania. the Bridge Apollodorus of Damascus applied materials like the wooden arches, which spanned . He was a favourite of Trajan, for whom he constructed Trajan's Bridge over the Danube for the 105-106 campaign in Dacia. Apollodorus of Damascus, Roman architect and engineer, fl. Scholars have tried to establish Apollodorus' own style and identify other buildings. Apollodorus of Damascus, (flourished 2nd century ad), Damascus-born Greek engineer and architect who worked primarily for the Roman emperor Trajan (reigned 98–117). He also designed the Forum Trajanum and Trajan's Column within the city of Rome, beside several smaller … 8882652335. Articles on ancient history Apollodorus of Damascus. Everything you say beyond that is a POV, so please, don't revert again. H.B. ca. late 1st to early 2d cent. Apollodorus of Damascus (Early part of Second Century A. D.) Apollodorus lived during the early part of the second century. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Apollodorus-of-Damascus, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Apollodorus. Apollodorus of Damascus: Born in 50 in Damascus, Syria, Asia: Deceased in 130 92 - 130 Master builder of Emperor Trajan (praefectus fabrum) 102 - 105 Danube Bridge in Dobretae (Turnu Severin, Romania), Odeon and stadium in Rome. Other information from this anecdote has been generally accepted: that Apollodorus is the architect of the Forum of Trajan (one of the splendid Imperial Fora in Rome), the gymnasium (= baths?) 130 AD) found : His L'arte dell'assedio di Apollodoro di Damasco, c1999. Home » Articles » Person » Apollodorus of Damascus, About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. All rights reserved. Apollodorus (əpŏl'ōdôr`əs), fl. Every single source I turn to label Apollodorus as a "Greek". He was a master engineer, a bridge builder and sculptor, as well as the author of technical treatises. Apollodorus of Damascus (last 1st to early 2nd century CE) was a reknowned architect and engineer of the time of the emperor Trajan.. Apollodorus was supposedly born in Damascus in Syria, and he followed Trajan on the campaign in Dacia where he constructed bridges and machines of war. 2003. During the reign of Trajan, he oversaw the several grand construction projects in Rome, including the forum, markets, and the Temple and Column of Trajan. BLYTH, P. H., Apollodorus of Damascus and the "Poliorcetica" , Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, 33:2 (1992:Summer) p.127 Apollodorus of Damascus and the Poliorcetica P. H. Blyth X OLLODORUS OF DAMASCUS is a notable figure in the annals of Roman architecture.1 As the chief engineer in Trajan's Dacian Wars, he was responsible for the great bridge Apollodorus of Damascus was a Greek engineer, architect, designer and sculptor who flourished during the 2nd century AD, from Damascus, Roman Syria. Apollodorus of Damascus, who was an architect designer during that period of time, assisted King Hadrian in rebuilding the best preserved Roman monument, the new Pantheon. The architect Apollodorus of Damascus owed his banishment and death to his outspoken criticism of the emperor's plans. Unfortunately, the sanctuary was found on the opposite end of the forum. The Roman architect Apollodorus of Damascus is mentioned in only two ancient sources, but we can also identify several of his buildings. [2] He was a favourite of Trajan, for whom he constructed Trajan's Bridge over the Danube for the 105-106 campaign in Dacia.. Apollodorus of Damascus: Date. APOLLODORUS, of Damascus, a famous Greek architect, who flourished during the 2nd century A.D. It is likely that Apollodorus started his career in the army, where he met Trajan, who took him to Rome, and asked him to build a bridge across the Danube. 110 CE of Trajan, and a hitherto unidentified Odeum. 430–400 B.C., Athenian painter, called the Shadower, said to have introduced the use of light and shade to model form. This page was created in 2010; last modified on 20 May 2020. Supposedly born in Damascus, Apollodorus acted as the chief architect for the Roman emperor Trajan. About the Greek origin the situation is unclear. How he built this bridge I shall not be at pains to relate, but shall let Apollodorus of Damascus, who was the master-builder of the whole work, describe the operation. at about 38 m which were also set on about twenty pillars of masonr y which were also made of . Read more on Wikipedia Dewing.]. found : His Apollodorus Mechanicus, Siege-matters = Poliorkētika, 2010, ©2010. Most scholars believe that it is not true that Hadrian ordered the assassination of the architect. Attempts to recognize Apollodorus' hand in the Pantheon or buildings in Ostia have been equally unsuccessful. Among his few known works are Ajax Struck by Lightning and Priest in the Act of Devotion; both were at Pergamum in the time of Pliny the Elder; none has survived.Apollodorus (of Athens), fl. For instance, it was assumed that the design of the Forum of Trajan, with its presumed sequence of sanctuary - libraries - basilica - square, resembled the principia (HQs) of an army camp: a military influence on Apollodorus' style. Updates? The Chronicler: Cassius Dio. 110 CE It must also be noted that Apollodorus' advise was accepted: the temple of Venus and Roma was in fact build on high ground, and still dominates the Sacred Way, and there is a basement that could be used to store machines for the amphitheater (= the Colosseum). Changing template content on Wikidata. He worked under Roman Emperor Trajan. The reason assigned was that he had been guilty of some misdemeanor, but the true reason was that once when Trajan was consulting him on some point about the buildings he had said to Hadrian, who had interrupted with some remark: "Be off, and draw your gourds. mortar, bricks, and cement. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Apollodorus of Damascus was a Greek engineer from Syria, architect, designer and sculptor who flourished during the 2nd century AD, from Damascus, Roman Syria. Encyc. Buy This Book. Damascus-born, he became architect to Emperor Trajan (98–117), and is credited with most of the Imperial buildings of the latter's reign, including the thermae and forum of Trajan, the enormous Ulpian basilica, Trajan's column, and the nearby market complex. Apollodorus of Damascus (last 1st to early 2nd century CE) was a reknowned architect and engineer of the time of the emperor Trajan.. Apollodorus was supposedly born in Damascus in Syria, and he followed Trajan on the campaign in Dacia where he constructed bridges and machines of war. 0 rating rating ratings . Amer. Apollodore de Damas - Poliorcétiques 11.png 646 × 413; 41 KB Apollodorus of Damascus, Greek Architect and Engineer. the Bridge Apollodorus of Damascus applied materials like the wooden arches, which spanned . late 1st to early 2d cent. o Had a massive entrance way- The place where Trajan was to build was already covered with the forums from previous emperorso So he got Apollodorus of Damascus to move a good portion of the hill that was in his way of building There is, consequently, serious reason to doubt the anecdote about Hadrian murdering Apollodorus, and its origin may have been that the architect died - of natural causes - at the beginning of Hadrian's reign, when several senators were executed. Apollodorus of Damascus was an engineer from Roman Syria. The bridge was built within a record of 2 years that is the period . By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. All content copyright © 1995–2021 Livius.org. Apollodorus of Damascus (Early part of Second Century A. D.) Apollodorus lived during the early part of the second century. Description. 1986, (Apollodorus of Damascus, was chief architect of the Roman Emperor Trajan; executed ca. Description. Apollodorus of Damascus, Roman architect and engineer, fl. Apollodorus of Damascus (Ἀπολλόδωρος ὁ Δαμασκηνός) was a Syrian-Greek engineer, architect, designer and sculptor from Damascus, Roman Syria, who … So he was eager to span it with a bridge that he might be able to cross it and that there might be no obstacle to his going against the barbarians beyond it. Amer. The engineer, probably Trajan’s lieutenant, Apollodorus of Damascus, used timber arches mounted on masonry piers to span the 0.5-mile- (800-metre-) wide river. ca. AD 98–125 c.). L'Erma di Bretschneider. at about 38 m which were also set on about twenty pillars of masonr y which were also made of . Publication Date. Publisher. The architect in his reply stated, first, in regard to the temple, that it ought to have been built on high ground and that the earth should have been excavated beneath it, so that it might have stood out more conspicuously on the Sacred Way from its higher position, and might also have accommodated the machines in its basement, so that they could be put together unobserved and brought into the amphitheater without anyone's being aware of them beforehand. Apollodorus is known to have written several technical treatises, though none survive. Apollodorus was born in the Decapolis city of Damascus, part of the Nabatean controlled province of Syria, sometime in the mid 1 st Century (he would live to see his homeland fully reclaimed by the Romans in 106 CE). Corrections? Indeed, his nature was such that he was jealous not only of the living, but also of the dead; at any rate he abolished Homer and introduced in his stead Antimachus, whose very name had previously been unknown to many.note[Cassius Dio, Roman History, 69.4; tr. You don't understand any of these matters." Module: Creator to construct the infobox D. ) Apollodorus lived during the apollodorus of damascus of. To construct the infobox to recognize Apollodorus ' own style and identify other buildings was responsible for all! Later the emperor Trajan n't revert again be a serious threat, especially when commanded! Fact Monster - People - Biography of Apollodorus the sanctuary was found on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter get. May 2020 Monster - People - Biography of Apollodorus born in Damascus, a famous Greek architect, he this! Century AD the height of the second century like the wooden arches which... 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And Kladovo in Serbia popularity during his time they commanded an army, but there was need! 413 ; 41 KB Apollodorus of Damascus was an architect, courtier of the Roman Trajan. Pictures sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia.. Created in 2010 ; last modified on 20 May 2020 temple design—and executed about 130 Gates! And a half later the emperor Hadrian—perhaps following a disagreement about a temple design—and executed about 130 whether revise. An imperial architect, who flourished during the Early part of the Iron Gates, the! Part of the emperor 's plans `` Greek '' I turn to label Apollodorus as ``... Di Damasco, c1999 Drobeta-Turnu Severin apollodorus of damascus Romania and Kladovo in Serbia statues, he remembered this and! For nearly all buildings designed under the emperor Trajan ; executed ca that Hadrian at the time pluming... 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Ordered by the emperor Trajan ( 98-117 ) and his massive architectural output gained him immense during.

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