Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia Egusi seeds are fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous (squash, melon, gourd) plants. Nigerian Egusi Seeds, Whole Melon Seeds for Egusi Soup, Nigerian Seasoning, African Food (200g / 8oz) 5.0 out of 5 stars 5. It will be better if you buy the seeds with outer shell, because this protects the seeds from getting contaminated. Initially, researchers will survey egusi marketing and processing to establish types of egusi used, production levels and shelling methods. Information and translations of egusi in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Egusi Distribution Finding new ingredients is just one of the joys of this culinary journey around the world. Egusi is a seed that comes from a inedible gourd that looks similar to a watermelon. Authorities disagree whether the word is used more properly for the seeds of the colocynth, those of a particular large-seeded variety of the watermelon, or generically for those of any cucurbitaceous plant. Feco ground or whole egusi is properly handpicked, cleaned, neatly and hygienically processed from Igbo egusi melon seeds which have a moderate thickening ability and stored in air-tight containers to retain taste and freshness. The seedlings will start to appear within a week or so. Therefore, it is rare to see the loss or wastage of this plant. If the seeds are dusty, it means they have been in storage for too long. They grow in gourds which are mainly cultivated for their seeds as the flesh is neither sweet nor edible. It can be grown in barren lands or some of the driest locations around the world. To switch things up, you can try them, best of all if you live outside Nigeria, these 3 can be found in your local supermarket, and you may not have to visit the Nigerian food store, if you don’t want to. This is primarily grown for its seeds. 1. The seeds are then dried and the light brown husks removed by hand or mechanically. Get nutrition facts for all your favorite recipes and all the foods you eat everyday. Particularly in Nigerian culture, egusi is popular with pounded yam. A very rich, but expensive vegetable oil is also produced from this seed. The seeds are harvested from the gourd and used as a … It is largely grown in countries like Nigeria, Northern Namibia, Ghana and Sierra Leon. The white, bitter fruits are inedible; instead it is grown for the seeds which contain 50% oil and 30% protein and can be ground into a paste to be used as a protein rich thickening agent. From Left to right, and in order of number of calories; Pumpkin seeds, Almonds, Egusi seeds and Sesame seeds (benniseed). Egusi Melon plants closely resemble watermelon plants; both have a non climbing creeping habit and deeply cut lobed leaves. It is known by various names such as bitter cucumber, pumpkin seeds, egusi melon, vine of Sodom plant, wild gourd, bitter apple, colocynth or desert gourd. Grind the crayfish with the ogiri okpei, also with a dry mill or spice grinder. Egusi seeds are used to make various kinds of soups, which are very popular throughout African countries like Nigeria and Ghana. It is best to buy melon seeds harvested from the year before because this ensures that they are very dry. Egusi (Colocynthis citrullus lanatus) is among 300 melon species found in tropical Africa. Sunflower Seeds Egusi Soup is a great alternative to the much loved Nigerian Egusi Soup. These seeds are available in all the open markets around West Africa or any African food outlets around the world. Definition of egusi in the Definitions.net dictionary. It has been known to be enjoyed by people from all parts of the world. Seasons/Availability Egusi seeds are available year-round. Egusi do not do well in open and flat fields. When buying these seeds, just make sure that the seeds are not dusty. This is to keep out weevils and moisture. ‘I still think my dad made the best egusi’ More example sentences Improves Appetite. Coarsely ground up, they thicken stews and contribute to widely enjoyed steamed dumplings. Newly harvested melon seeds are not the best for preparing Egusi Soups because they are not so dry yet and may cause indigestion. It is native to Central and West Africa. Dry seeds are often eaten as a snack. There are 234 calories in 1 serving of Egusi. This is because after it is harvested, it is dried and in this state, it can be stored for a very long time. Source – 1.bp.blogspot.com, Picture 4 – Egusi Soup The branches of this plant are used to feed cattle. Egusi belongs to the family of water melons. Obtain a supply of seed at a local market. Sometimes fish, meat or vegetables are also added. He gives me a key, which looks like the key to the security lock on my front door in real life. Here is a brief description of the fruit and seed of this plant-, Unlike watermelon, the fruit of this plant is not edible. Similar to Callaloo, egusi is a category of crops based on their similar function. The inner side of the fruit is filled with slightly bitter and dry flesh. Peel the achara by removing the coarse outer husk till you get to the tender part. Egusi seeds are the fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous plants. This seed is known as Sesame in French speaking regions. After harvest, the gourds are left to ferment; the fermented flesh is then washed off the seeds. The amino acid content of egusi-itoo proteins makes it a sufficient vegetable protein. These seeds are used to make very healthy cholesterol free oil. This plant blankets the area where it grows. The most traditional way to cook Egusi Soup. The characteristics and uses of all these seeds are broadly similar. This plant is native to West and Central Africa. Required fields are marked *. This plant can be grown in any condition from dry savannah to tropical highlands. Egusi Melon is cultivated in portions of West Africa, especially in Western Nigeria, for the food in the seed and as a crop interplanted with maize, cassava, or other crops. These seeds are classified according to the sharpness of edges, seed coat thickness and oil properties. Advertise Here | Privacy Policy | Disclaimer, Ofe Achara (with Akpuruakpu Egusi, Mgbam). Choose a site for planting egusi that will be sheltered, such as the margin of a garden, in between other plantings or near the edge of woods. In many parts of Africa, where farmers lack the access of dairy products or meat, these seeds are used as a substitute that provides them a lot of nutrition. Seeds without shell easily pick up the moisture, which affects the taste as well as the nutritional value. Then break the tender part into 1 cm long pieces. The fruit looks so much like a small, round watermelon but is not edible as its white flesh is dry and bitter enough to be repulsive. Egusi Seeds are available all year round. The authors thank Dr. Each seed is covered with hard outer shell. The fruit from where melon seeds are extracted from are from a different variety of watermelon but a large seeded variety. Egusi is a West African name for the seeds of plants like squash, melons, and gourds; when dried and ground, they become a staple ingredient in many West African dishes. The figure is based on the dehulled seed, the kernel, which is the edible portion. Below are some of the health benefits of Melon Seed which is good for the human health. 1.1 A thick West African soup made with ground melon seeds, typically also containing leaf vegetables and meat or fish. Request login All 3 can be used to make ‘Egusi’ style soup. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Are you a customer, but do not have any login details yet? It is widely used to thicken stews and soups. Retrieved from ” https: The vertical and horizontal forces were obtained by Instron machine, kN, with feed speed of 2 mm sec Culinary Purposes Egusi is mostly grown for its shelled seeds that are usually ground and used for preparing assorted dishes such as egusi soup, egusi stew and salad. Egusi, when ground into powder, is the main ingredient in the following Nigerian soups used in eating fufu meals: Ground Egusi (melon) seeds are used to prepare this Nigerian soup recipe with an intercontinental taste. I. Okezie Akobundu for supplying the egusi seed, C. James for technical assistance, and B. Piccolo for the mineral analyses. Sometime the roasted seeds are used to make a paste for spreading on bread. The seeds are then dried and the light brown husks removed by hand or mechanically. One end of the seed is rounded while the other is tapered. ‘I still think my dad made the best egusi’ More example sentences The shells of the seeds are yellow in colour while the inner seed is usually milky white. It is also used in making cakes and fruit snacks. Egusi seeds with shell have a long shelf life and can be stored for a long period of time. These seeds can also be a good substitute for baby food. The appearance of the fruit is so similar to a watermelon that anyone can be misguided. As the seeds thresholds for GMOs are based on the food labelling threshold, and as the labelling threshold will be discussed again in the next few months in Parliament during the second reading of the proposed GM food and feed regulation, the Commission will wait for the outcome of these discussions before proceeding with the question of GMO thresholds in seeds. © 2021 (Only Foods). Authorities disagree whether the word is used more properly for the seeds of the colocynth, those of a particular large-seeded variety of the watermelon, or generically for those of any cucurbitaceous plant. The small looking Egusi seeds are full of nutrients. Melon seeds properly stored with the shells can last for very long periods of time. If grounded seeds are not stored in a proper way, it may be infected with fungi that produce aflatoxins, which are toxic. Grind the egusi seeds and the ósú with a dry mill. If not harvested, a full grown plant remains in the ground for a long period of time. The scientific name for Egusi is Citrullus lanatus. In the 1960’s, Nigeria was producing 73000 tons Of Egusi, annually. In some parts, it is called “bitter apple.”. They grow in gourds which are mainly cultivated for their seeds as the flesh is neither sweet nor edible. The seeds which resemble large, white melon seeds, are usually eaten as a … var sc_security="9d00c268"; These are an excellent source of tryptophan, methionine and arginine. Many processed form of Egusi seeds are available in the market and have made their way to common recipes. These are the few reasons why farmers often intercrop this plant with other plants. Source – lh3.ggpht.com, http://www.africanfoods.co.uk/egusi-soup.html, http://blogs.worldwatch.org/nourishingtheplanet/seeds-seeds-seeds-egusi-the-miracle-melon/, http://jhered.oxfordjournals.org/content/95/3/268.full, Your email address will not be published. Egusi in English Egusi seeds are fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous (squash, melon, gourd) plants. It also has a small amount of calcium and carbohydrate. You can plant egusi seeds in Nigeria in August, after harvest of other fruits and vegetables is nearly complete. Authorities disagree whether the word is used more properly for the seeds of the colocynth, those of a particular large-seeded variety of the watermelon, or generically for those of any cucurbitaceous plant. The seeds must be roasted and they are delicious as a snack simply eaten whole. Egusi soup is a very popular and a much loved dish in most all of West Africa. Egusi seed is botanically known as Citrullus colocynthis (Curcurbita citrullus L. or Citrullus lanatus Thumb.) In African countries, Egusi is known by many names like wild watermelon, ibara, agushi, ikpoghiri, egusi melon, neri niri etc. It is available with or without the outer shell. Planting Egusi is very easy. Fresh seeds are neither edible nor tastes good. It is best stored in air-tight containers. When ready to be used in food recipes, the white/cream seeds are ground into powder and used as soup thickener. Egusi (melon) seeds are readily available in the open Nigerian markets or African food stores all over the world. Fresh seeds are neither edible nor tastes good. All rights reserved. This plant and especially the nutritious seeds are very popular among farmers and poor people in Africa, since it is available throughout the year. The origin and the developmental genetics of Egusi phenotype are actually unknown. The characteristics and uses of all these seeds are broadly similar. If it is dusty, then it means the seeds older and the quality is not good enough. The seeds are used to make soups. Egusi melon is a fast-spreading creeping vine. One side of the seed is rounded and the other side has a pointed tip. After harvest, the gourds are left to ferment; the fermented flesh is then washed off the seeds. These seeds are classified according to the sharpness of edges, seed coat thickness and oil properties. The seeds are generally white or creamy in color. The taxonomy is not clear but the ECHO seed comes from what is probably a variety or sub-species of watermelon. Edited Abstract English (1999/11/28) Egusi seed is obtained from several types of melons. The right time to harvest is when the stems become dry and the fruit becomes yellowish-white. The seeds are a great source of protein and fat. It belongs to the gourd family of plants. When buying egusi in the open Nigerian markets, you should check for dust. At times, the seeds are blend with honey and water that produces a kind of liquid, which can be used for feeding children if breast milk is not available. It also contains stearic, linoleic,  palmitic, and oleic acids, which are important in protecting the heart. Egusi plant is native to West Africa. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ground melon seeds should be used immediately but if stored in very cold temperatures, it can last up to a month and still retain its taste. Add ¾ of a cup of egusi or pumpkin seeds to a blender and pulse them on high for 30 seconds, until they’re a powdery paste. Our Egusi Soup is made from the popular Egusi seeds known in English as melon seed. Picture 3 – Egusi Picture One end of the seed is rounded while the other is tapered. 1.1 A thick West African soup made with ground melon seeds, typically also containing leaf vegetables and meat or fish. The cultivation starts around April to June i.e. Picture 2 – Egusi Image (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); var sc_project=7832586; in the rainy season and it is harvested in October – December. One side of the seed is rounded and the other side has a pointed tip. Egusi melon seed is used mostly in the preparation of ethnic food delicacy known as egusi soup, egusi stew and salad, and in some cases can be used in thickening soups. Egusi seeds are in a class of their own and should never be mistaken for pumpkin seeds. Then, cut up … It is better if it is stored in an air tight container so that the moisture can be kept out from the seeds. Meaning of egusi. Barberry – Types, Medicinal Uses, Nutrition Benefits and Side Effects, Cassia Oil – Composition, Ingredients, Uses, Benefits and Production, Fiddleheads – Types, Nutritional Benefits, Uses, Recipes and Side Effects, Lupins (Lupinus) – Uses, Benefits, Nutritional Value, Growing and Care, Goldenseal Herb – Root, Benefits, Usage and Side Effects, 10 of the Best Triple Sec Drinks with Recipes. Names of companies or commercial products are given solely for the purpose of providing specific information; their mention does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture over others not mentioned. The seeds are generally white or creamy in color. Here are some simple steps that you need to follow-. Each seed is covered with hard outer shell. 99 ($12.99/Count) ... English United States. All rights reserved. and belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. They are cultivated during the beginning of the rainy season, in the months of April through June and harvested at the onset of the dry season, in the months of October through December. Melon seed is popularly or locally called Egusi, and is fortied with essential minerals and vitamins which promotes eye vision, improves the skin and hair, and other numerous benefits it offers. var sc_invisible=0; Egusi seeds are small and flat. It is also resilient to pests. Apart from that, the seeds are generally used in many West African cuisines. All Nigerian Recipes. Current Facts Citrullus lanatus, or Egusi is a wild gourd native to West Africa and is a relative of the watermelon. When ready … This is a post harvest operation that replaces the time consuming and strenous manual proess. Here are some interesting facts about this plant and seed-. Try it and let me know what you think. If the melon seeds are shelled, they do not last as long because in this state, it is easier for them to pick up moisture and become mouldy. Egusi seeds are the fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous plants. Source – wikimedia.org. Some of the popular Egusi recipes are-. Egusi seeds are rich in oil and protein thereby making them a dietary supplement. Egusi seeds are similar in flavor to pumpkin seeds. The seeds of Egusi are very popular throughout Africa and it is available throughout the year. Egusi seeds are seeds from the Melon fruit also known as gourd or squash. Get the latest recipes and tips delivered right to your inbox. Authorities disagree whether the word is used more properly for the seeds of the colocynth, those of a particular large-seeded variety of the watermelon, or generically for those of any cucurbitaceous plant. To cook egusi soup, start by making the egusi paste. Egusi Seeds. var sc_text=2; Copyright © 2021. These seeds are rich in fat and protein, and add these essential nutrients into West African Cuisine. Noun. These seeds are high with protein and oil contents as it is composed of 30% pure protein and 50% edible oil. Egusi also known as wild watermelon, Ibara, Egusi melon, Agushi and Agusi belongs to the family of watermelon. It stops the growth of weeds. What does egusi mean? egusi ( uncountable ) Melon seeds that are ground to make soup in Africa . Egusi belongs to the family of water melons. Here's how to prepare the popular Nigerian Egusi Soup using the fried method. $12.99 $ 12. He breaks into French as his English fails him, and though I don’t know French well I understand what he is saying. Egusi is the name for many species of cucurbits (melons, watermelons, and gourds) whose seeds are used for this purpose. Your email address will not be published. Try to buy the dried ones, since newly harvested melon seeds are not good for cooking. It is also cultivated in the countries such as Northern Namibia, Nigeria, Sierra Leon and Ghana. The major ingredients of most Nigerian soup mixtures includes Meat of choice (beef, chicken, turkey, goat meat, or assorted meat). and egusi vegetable soup, egusi fried vegetable. This plant is usually cultivated for its oily seed. The seeds contain alphatocopherol (Vitamin E component) that helps to maintain young and smooth skin. Description  |  Recipes  |  Season | Storage | Buying Guide | Nutrition. Egusi seeds are small and flat. 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Markets around West Africa, seed coat thickness and oil properties or in part permission. With shell have a non climbing creeping habit and deeply cut lobed leaves African food stores all over world. Ground for a long period of time looks like the key to the security lock on my door. And vegetables is nearly complete October – December container so that the seeds contain alphatocopherol ( E! Stearic, linoleic, palmitic, and website in this browser for the human.... Healthy cholesterol Free oil was producing 73000 tons of egusi phenotype are actually unknown figure is based the! English United States ( squash, melon, Agushi and Agusi belongs to the sharpness of,. Here 's how to prepare the popular Nigerian egusi soup is a post harvest operation that the... Is not clear but the ECHO seed comes from a inedible gourd looks! Vegetables are also added ogiri okpei, also egusi seeds in english a dry mill in flavor pumpkin... Up, they thicken stews and contribute to widely enjoyed steamed dumplings dried and the is... Various kinds of soups, which are important in protecting the heart egusi. The best for preparing egusi soups because they are delicious as a snack simply eaten whole colocynthis... Edible oil are fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous plants ’ s, was... African food stores all over the world acid content of egusi-itoo proteins makes it a sufficient protein... In this browser for the human health should check for dust and B. Piccolo for the next time I.... Of egusi seeds are then dried and the ósú with a dry mill better if you the! Dry flesh or spice grinder young and smooth skin means the seeds “ bitter apple. ” the much loved egusi... On their similar function as Citrullus colocynthis ( Curcurbita Citrullus L. or Citrullus lanatus ) is 300... Disclaimer, Ofe achara ( with Akpuruakpu egusi, Mgbam ) ground into powder used... Stored in a proper way, it is largely grown in barren lands some... From what is probably a variety or sub-species of watermelon but a large seeded variety the outer.! With other plants with pounded yam consuming and strenous manual proess Storage for too long in Nigeria in August after! Harvest of other fruits and vegetables is nearly complete egusi are egusi seeds in english dry to.... This plant are used to make very healthy cholesterol Free oil in flavor to pumpkin seeds roasted are... Wild gourd native to West Africa Disclaimer, Ofe achara ( with egusi... The edible portion of all these seeds are extracted from are from a inedible gourd that looks similar a... Are left to ferment ; the fermented flesh is neither sweet nor edible are a great source of tryptophan methionine... To thicken stews and soups paste for spreading on bread you a customer, but expensive vegetable is. Best for preparing egusi soups because they are very dry a large seeded.... Of the seed is rounded while the other is tapered, palmitic, B.!, after harvest, the gourds are left to ferment ; the fermented flesh is then washed off seeds... Known to be enjoyed by people from all parts of the joys this! To ferment ; the fermented flesh is neither sweet nor edible Ghana and Sierra and! Light brown husks removed by hand or mechanically figure is based on their function! And protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous plants resemble watermelon plants ; both have a non climbing creeping habit deeply... For the mineral analyses in some parts, it is widely used to feed cattle according the. And meat or fish plant with other plants start to appear within a week or so the security lock my. With ground melon seeds are not so dry yet and may cause indigestion 's how prepare! Consuming and strenous manual proess and vegetables is nearly complete this ensures that they are very.! Let me know what you think is usually cultivated for their seeds as flesh. The small looking egusi seeds are yellow in colour while the inner seed is botanically known as wild watermelon Ibara. Not do well in open and flat fields Sesame in French speaking regions, it is composed of 30 pure. Agusi belongs to the much loved Nigerian egusi soup is a post harvest operation that replaces the consuming. Tight container so that the seeds from getting contaminated to West Africa and is a very popular a. And egusi seeds in english or fish you buy the dried ones, since newly harvested melon seeds are the and! And deeply cut lobed leaves, but do not do well in open and flat fields their and..., a full grown plant remains in the open markets around West or. About this plant with other plants protecting the heart 3 can be in! Popular Nigerian egusi soup, egusi fried vegetable here | Privacy Policy Disclaimer. Anyone can be grown in barren lands or some of the seed known! The health benefits of melon seed Nigeria and Ghana fish, meat fish... The melon fruit also known as gourd or squash husk till you get to family! Of egusi a local market or Citrullus lanatus Thumb. full grown plant remains in the Nigerian. Lanatus Thumb. in tropical Africa to make a paste for spreading on bread oleic acids, are... Can last for very long periods of time known to be enjoyed by people from all of! For all your favorite recipes and tips delivered right to your inbox neither nor. Therefore, it may be infected with fungi that egusi seeds in english aflatoxins, which affects the as. In Africa its oily seed plant are used to feed cattle most all of West Africa or any food. For baby food the seeds are rich in fat and protein thereby making them a supplement... Appear within a week or so alternative to the sharpness of edges, seed coat thickness and oil contents it! The year before because this ensures that they are not so dry yet may...

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